The understanding on gender and women empowerment is that Gender equality implies a society in which women and men enjoy the same opportunities, outcomes, rights and obligations in all spheres of life. Equality between men and women exists when both are able to share equally in the distribution of power and influence; have equal opportunities for financial independence through work or through setting up businesses; enjoy equal access to education and the opportunity to develop personal ambitions. A critical aspect of promoting gender equality is the empowerment of women, with a focus on identifying and redressing power imbalances and giving women more autonomy to manage their own lives. Women’s empowerment is vital to sustainable development and the realization of human rights for all.
The role of women in society is influenced by a complex set of traditions, customs, and values. Since they hardly wield any power, female face disadvantages relative to men in all spheres of life. In addition, they are often victims of gender-based violence that directly affects their reproductive health, and they suffer silently by adjusting to the situations as dictated by cultural norms. In Jharkhand, 22% of women were either beaten or physically mistreated since they were age 15. Women living in rural areas and with low-income levels are more likely to experience domestic violence than women living in urban areas. The female population of Jharkhand is 16,034,550 respectively. The condition of tribal women in Jharkhand is ‘pathetic’. Though women do over 90% of work to sustain life, 90% decisions are taken by men. The roles that men and women play in society are not biologically determined — they are socially determined, changing and changeable. Although they may be justified as being required by culture or religion, these roles vary widely by locality and change over time.
We do believes that lasting change can only be achieved when women have access to knowledge, skills and resources. Therefore we aim
(i) Creating an environment through positive economic and social changes for full development of women to enable them to realize their full potential
(ii) All human rights and fundamental freedom by women on equal basis with men in all spheres – education, economic, social, cultural and civil.
(iii) Equal access to participation and decision making of women in social, cultural and economic life of the nation.
(iv) Equal access to women to health care, quality education at all levels, career and vocational guidance, employment, equal remuneration, occupational health and safety, social security and public office etc.
(v) Strengthening legal systems aimed at elimination of all forms of discrimination against women.
We also emphasis on “Convention on the Elimination of all forms of discrimination against women “of Article 3.
Women are entitled to the equal enjoyment and protection of all human rights and fundamental freedoms in the political, economic, social, cultural, civil, or any other field. These rights include, inter alia:
a) The right to life
b) The right to equality;
c) The right to liberty and security of person;
d) The right to equal protection under the law;
e) The right to be free from all forms of discrimination;
f) The right to the highest standard attainable of physical and mental health;
g) The right to just and favorable conditions of work;
h) The right not to be subjected to torture, or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.
The Gender equality is, the first and foremost, human rights. Women are entitled to live in dignity and in freedom from want and from fear. Empowering women is also an indispensable tool for advancing development and reducing poverty. Empowered women contributes to the health and productivity of whole family and communities to improved prospects for the next generation. The importance of gender equality is underscored by its inclusion as one of the eight Millennium Development Goals. Gender equality is acknowledged as being a key to achieving the other seven goals. Yet discrimination against women and girls – including gender – based violence, economic discrimination, reproductive health inequalities and harmful traditional practices ‐ remains the most pervasive and persistent form of inequality. Women and girls bear enormous hardship in their day today life.
Therefore, we aware the communities through various program such as meeting, seminar, workshop, training program, pamphlets, video shows etc. about gender and women empowerment.